Sunburn - Skin redness and pain, possible swelling, blisters, fever, headaches. (First Aid): Take a soapy shower, if blisters occur apply dry sterile dressings and seek medical attention.
Heat Cramps - Painful spasms usually in leg and abdominal muscles. Heavy sweating.
(First Aid): Firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue.
Heat Exhaustion - Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy. Weak pulse. Normal temperature possible. Fainting, vomiting.
(First Aid): Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.
Heat/Sun Stroke - High body temperature (106+). Hot, dry skin. Rapid, strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness. Victim will likely not sweat.
(First Aid): Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. Move victim to a cooler environment. Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing. Use fans and/or air conditioners. DO NOT GIVE FLUIDS.
Quick Safety Tips:
- Avoid the heat when you are able.
- Dress lightly while keeping skin covered and consider relfective materials and colors.
- Drink for the heat. Water and natural juices. You're body can lose more fluids than you take in very quickly.
- Do not "drink" in the heat. Alchohol should be avoided as it furthers dehydration. Also caffeinated beverages and sodas prevent the body from naturally releasing excess heat.
- Do not leave children or pets alone in vehicles, even with the air running as it could stop without notice while you are away.
- Protect windows, dim or turn off lights, and avoid using the oven when possible.
For more information check the CDC website: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/heattips.asp